Primary Track Index

    25-26-27/09, from 9:30 h to 20h

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    WELCOME SESSION

    Institutional Introduction and Welcome

    INSTITUTIONAL DELEGATES

    BEN DE LOENEN

    ICEERS Founder & Executive Director

    Benjamin De Loenen studied audiovisual media in The Netherlands, where he graduated with honors as film director and editor in his Masters with his documentary ‘Ibogaine-Rite of Passage’ (2004), which he directed and produced. He became active as a public speaker about iboga internationally and eventually founded the International Center for Ethnobotanical Education, Research & Service (ICEERS) in 2009 in The Netherlands. ICEERS has currently an office in Barcelona, Spain and Montevideo, Uruguay, and is involved in scientific research into ayahuasca, iboga and cannabis, policy reform activities, educational activities and services related to risk reduction, legal support, etc.

    AMANDA FEILDING

    Director Beckley Foundation, UK

    Amanda Feilding is the director of the Beckley Foundation, UK. She studied comparative religions and mysticism at Oxford and later did extensive research into psychology, physiology, and altered states of consciousness. In 1998, she founded The Beckley Foundation to do pioneering research in the fields of human consciousness and to help bring about global drug policy reform by creating evidence- based, health-oriented policies which recognize human rights and cognitive liberty. The Foundation’s Scientific Program investigates meditation and the neurophysiology and pharmacology of psychoactive substances in order to better understand how these compunds work and to identify their potential therapeutic applications.

    LEON DE SOUZA LOBO GARCIA

    SENAD - Brasil

    Leon Garcia is a Brazilian psychiatrist and PhD in Public Health. He presently holds the position of director of drug policy coordination at the National Secretariat on Drug Policy (SENAD) from the Brazilian Ministry of Justice. Together with civil society organizations, SENAD has lead the efforts that regulated and gave legal status to the ritual use of Ayahuasca in Brazil in the years 2000.

    RODRIGO VÉLEZ

    Executive Secretary, CONSEP, Ecuador

    Since 2010, Rodrigo Vélez has been the Executive Secretary of the National Council for the Control of Narcotic and Psychotropic Substances (CONSEP) of Ecuador. He studied Economics at the Catholic University of Santiago de Guayaquil, and has a degree in Economics, Business Administration Faculty of the University of Northridge, California, USA. The responsibilities of CONSEP are strategic, administrative, technical, operational and financial planning. He also works closely with the Presidency and his administration for the development of the National Drug Policy Team.

    SCIENTIFIC COMITÉ DELEGATE

    BEATRIZ CAIUBY LABATE

    Dr. in Anthropology, Brazil

    Beatriz Caiuby Labate has a Ph.D. in Social Anthropology from the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil. Her main areas of interest are the study of psychoactive substances, drug policy, shamanism, ritual, and religion. She is Visiting Professor at the Center for Research and Post Graduate Studies in Social Anthropology (CIESAS), in Guadalajara, and Adjunct Assistant Professor at the Drug Policy Program of the Center for Economic Research and Education (CIDE), in Aguascalientes, Mexico. She is also co-founder of the Nucleus for Interdisciplinary Studies of Psychoactives (NEIP), and editor of NEIP's website http://www.neip.info). She is author, co-author, and co-editor of twelve books, one special-edition journal, and several peer-reviewed articles. For more information, see: http://bialabate.net

    IBIZA, Vanguards Island

    ANTONIO ESCOHOTADO

    Philosopher, Spain

    Escohotado Antonio Espinosa (Madrid, 1941) is a prominent essayist and university professor whose work has been mainly directed to the fields of law, philosophy and sociology, and has gained notoriety due to his research on drugs. He is named among the 70 greatest thinkers gathered in the 'Dictionary of Thinkers of the Twentieth Century'. Apart from the many fields of knowledge he has explored, he is known outside of the academic world for promoting the drug policy reform. He has written several works about this topic, such as his book The General History of drugs (1983). In Ibiza came it to run the club "Amnesia", which later became one of the most famous clubs in the world.

    Inaugural Conference: Ayahuasca and Modern Therapy

    CLAUDIO NARANJO

    Psychiatrist, Chile

    Dr. Claudio Naranjo (Valparaiso, Chile, 1932) has spent forty years developing the wisdom of the Enneagram and created the Psychology of Enneatypes. As a protege and successor of Fritz Perls, he has become a world leader in Gestalt therapy. Professor at Berkeley, he is considered a pioneer of transpersonal psychology and an integrator of the fields of psychotherapy and spirituality. During his carrer he has learned from masters such as Swami Muktananda, Idries Shah, Oscar Ichazo, Suleyman Dede, SS Karmapa XVI and Tarthang Tulku. As a result of this extensive education, he developed the SAT Program, a process of self-exploration through which thousands of people have passed. Claudio Naranjo is a member of the Club of Rome and Doctor Honoris Causa at the University of Udine (Italy). He recently created the Claudio Naranjo Foundation in Barcelona. Naranjo is a psychiatrist, educator and pioneer in integrating the use of consciousness expanding tools, including ayahuasca, into his experimental-therapeutic work.

    USES OF AYAHUASCA I: INDIGENOUS

    For centuries, indigenous societies have mastered ayahuasca in ritualistic settings as a medicine, to heal the individual, as well as a tool for the coherence and survival of the community.
    In this session respected healers from Colombia, Ecuador and Brazil will participate in an interactive dialogue, providing a deeper insight into their traditional practices.

    SPEAKERS

    TAITA JUAN BAUTISTA AGREDA CHINDOY

    Healer, Colombia

    Juan Bautista Agreda is a traditional healer from Sibundoy, Putumayo (Colombia). He has been working with traditional medicine for over 25 years and has extensive knowledge about amazonian medicinal plants. He has had the opportunity to exchange knowledge with many elders from North, Central and South America.

    SIÃ KAXINAWA

    Chief of Kaxinawa, Brazil

    Sia Kaxinawa is a Huni Kuin, born in Fortaleza, in the headwaters of the Jordan River, in the State of Acre, Brazil. Founder of União das Nações Indígenas (UNI/AC) and ASKARJ, organizations dedicated to the struggle of the peoples of the rainforest and the indigenous rights movement, he coordinated the Organization of Indigenous Peoples of Juruá Valley. In 1996, aged 32, he assumed the leadership of the Huni Kuin of the Upper Jordan and Tarauacá as shaneibu. In January 2005, he was elected vice-mayor of Jordan, Acre. He is co-founder and permanent member of the International Human Rights Council (IHRC) as well as of Forefront International Council Leader's.

    TAITA FRANKLIN COLUMBA

    Healer, Ecuador

    Franklin Columba was born in the community of Rumiloma of the Rural Parish of Guangopolo in the Canton Quito, Province of Pichincha, of the Nation Quitus, called Ecuador. At age 13 he discovered and started to study the principles and values of Ancestral Medicine and Therapy. He suffered persecution by the authorities as they accused them of being 'witch doctors', but thanks to the teachings of their elders they to managed to overcome this obstacle. He is currently President of the Foundation of Taitas and Mamas Yachaks of Ecuador “FUTMYE”, an organization recognized by the Ministry of Culture.

    MODERATOR

    Bruce Parry - MODERATOR

    Filmmaker, UK

    Bruce Parry (born 17 March 1969, in Hythe, Hampshire, England) is an award-winning documentarian, author, indigenous rights advocate, explorer, trek leader and former Royal Marines commando officer. He employs an ethnographic style and a form of participant observation for his documentaries. His documentary series for the BBC entitled Tribe, Amazon, and Arctic have shown extreme environments, remote indigenous peoples, and important issues being faced.

    USES OF AYAHUASCA II: RELIGIOUS

    Nowadays the use of ayahuasca as a religious sacrament can be found in most parts of the world. Not only have traditional Brazilian churches like Santo Daime, Unão do Vegetal and Barquinha have spread worldwide, but new religious groups have started to use ayahuasca in some countries in Europe. This session focuses on the religious use of ayahuasca from an anthropological as well as a practical point of view in the form of a moderated dialogue/debate.

    SPEAKERS

    ROSA VIRGÍNIA MELO

    Dr. in Social Anthropology, Brazil

    Rosa Virgínia Melo earned her Ph.D. in Social Anthropology from the University of Brasília (UnB), Brazil, where she is currently a member of Gender and Violence Research Group. She has developed ethnographic research on gender and violence, cultural heritage, and popular culture. Her most recent interests include Brazilian religions, religion and the public sphere, and religion and mental health. She has published articles on mediumistic trance within the Brazilian ayahuasca religions.

    ANDREW DAWSON

    Dr. in Religion, UK

    Andrew Dawson is Senior Lecturer in Religion at the Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion of Lancaster University, UK. He obtained his doctorate at Oxford University and has degrees in social science and religious studies from US and other UK institutions. Andrew's principal research interest concerns the interface of religion and late-modern society which he examines mainly in the contexts of Brazil, Europe and North America.

    RINI HARTMAN

    Facilitator/Artist, Netherlands

    Rini Hartman is an artist and founder of Ayahuasca.nl who has been involved with the Santo Daime since 1996. In 2006 he started a legal registered offspring of the Santo Daime in the Netherlands. Together with Norberto Jurasek from Brazil they facilitate contemporary religious/spiritual ceremonies with elements of the Santo Daime, Umbanda and therapeutic bodywork in the Netherlands and in their mother church in Brazil.

    JUAN CARLOS DE LA CAL

    Journalist, Spain

    Juan Carlos de la Cal is a journalist working for large media companies for almost 30 years (El Caso, Panorama, Interviu, El Mundo, etc.). He has traveled to over 60 countries and collaborated with various NGOs and environmental organizations. He has received various prizes for his media reports for the defense of human rights. His relationship with ayahuasca started at the end of the 1980s during a trip to the Brazilian Amazon, where he got in touch with the syncretic churches. He later founded, along with his colleagues, the Spanish Santo Daime church CEFLURISE, legally registered in the Ministry of Justice. He is currently vice-president. He is also founding member and vice-president of the PLANTAFORMA for the Defense of Ayahuasca, a non-profit organization started 5 years ago out of an alliance of various ayahuasqueros in Spain.

    N. WAHID AZAL

    Specialist in Sufism

    N. Wahid Azal, BA.S, MA, LLB, is an independent scholar specializing in Islamic esoteric and occult texts, practices and movements. He is the founder and current Grand Shaykh of the Fatimiya Sufi Order which incorporates Haoma as a sacrament into its works. He lives in Berlin, Germany.

    MODERATOR

    Esther Martinez Ibars - MODERATOR

    Medical Doctor, Spain

    Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery. Specialist in Pediatrics and Radio-diagnosis. Homeopathy Specialist (School for Mexico and the European School of Homeopathy). Relationship with ayahuasca through Santo Daime: 1st Coordinator ("Commander") in Catalonia (Spain), for 5 years. Part of the directory of the 1st Association of Members of Santo Daime Church in Catalonia. Organizer of the 1st European Meeting of Associations of Members of Santo Daime Church, held in Girona. President of the European Association of Daime (Cefluris) for two years. For 13 years she has made annual trips to Mapiá with Santo Daime, practicing as a volunteer physician in their small hospital. Her informal training in Gestalt Psychotherapy is linked to Claudio Naranjo.

    USES OF AYAHUASCA III: CLINICAL

    Ayahuasca has gained popularity as a tool in the treatment of addiction, depression, PTSD. Even though there is very limited scientific evidence, there is a growing body of anecdotal reports about the clinical potential of ayahuasca. In these sessions different professionals who work with ayahuasca in clinical practice will share their insights and experience, discuss cases, the difficulties and limitations they have observed and how they envision the future of ayahuasca in this type of practice.

    SPEAKERS

    Gabor Maté

    Medical Doctor, Canada (Video Conf)

    Gabor Maté M.D. is a physician and best-selling author whose books have been published in twenty languages internationally. His interests include child development, the mind-body unity in health and illness, and the treatment of addictions. Gabor has worked in palliative care and as a family physician, and for fourteen years practiced addiction medicine in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside. As a speaker he regularly addresses professional and lay audiences throughout North America. He is the recipient of a number of awards, including a Simon Fraser University Outstanding Alumnus Award and an honourary degree from the University of Northern British Columbia. His most recent book, In The Realm of Hungry Ghosts: Close Encounters With Addiction, won the Hubert Evans Prize for literary nonfiction. He is Adjunct Professor in the Faculty of Criminology, Simon Fraser University.

    RAFAEL SANCHES

    Medical Doctor, Brazil

    Rafael Sanches has a doctorate in mental health from the University of São Paulo (USP). He is an attending physician, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto - USP (HC-FMRP-USP). He has a Post-Doc from the Universtitat Autónoma de Barcelona and works as outpatient coordinator of personality disorders, HC-FMRP-USP. He conducted research with single doses of ayahuasca in patients with depression. The objective was the observation of the anti-depressant effects of ayahuasca as well as neuroimaging abnormalities.

    Josep Maria Fabregas

    Psychiatrist, Spain

    Josep Maria Fabregas began his career in Paris Marmottande Hospital, where he worked with Professor Claude Olievenstein. Later he moved to New York. After several years of professional experience, he founded CITA (Center for Research and Treatment of Addiction) in 1981 with the objective to develop a professional therapeutic community model, which has been in operation for 32 years. In Brazil he started IDEAA, an addiction treatment center in the Brazilian Amazon that used ayahuasca as a treatment tool. He has been involved with several observational studies on ayahuasca.

    ANJA LOIZAGA-VELDER

    Dr. in Medical Psychology, Mexico

    Anja Loizaga-Velder is a psychologist and psychotherapist specializing in humanistic and transpersonal psychology, the study of consciousness, music therapy and ethno-psychotherapy. She has studied and worked with traditional healers in Mexico and Peru for more than twenty years. She received a degree in Clinical Psychology (Dipl.-Psych.) Anja is director of research at Nierika Psychotherapy Institute in Mexico.

    MODERATOR

    Rafael Guimarães Dos Santos - MODERATOR

    Dr. in Pharmacology, Brazil

    For his M.Sc. in Psychology, Rafael Guimarães investigated the acute effects of ayahuasca on psychometric measures of anxiety, panic disorder, and hopelessness in Santo Daime members. For his Ph.D. thesis in Pharmacology, directed by Dr. Jordi Riba, he compared the acute subjective and physiological effects of ayahuasca with those produced by d-amphetamine, and also investigated the pharmacology of two repeated doses of ayahuasca. Rafael has published two papers critically analyzing the reported cases of adverse events and fatalities related to ayahuasca.

    USES OF AYAHUASCA IV: PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT

    Ayahuasca is not only used as a medicine or sacrament, more and more people are seeking ayahuasca to facilitate their personal development through the introspective nature of the experience. Many groups and centers around the world offer ayahuasca for this purpose, in ritualistic contexts of different kinds. The participants in this session will share their experiences and observations from working with ayahuasca in these settings.

    SPEAKERS

    CLAUDIO NARANJO

    Psychiatrist, Chile

    Dr. Claudio Naranjo (Valparaiso, Chile, 1932) has spent forty years developing the wisdom of the Enneagram and created the Psychology of Enneatypes. As a protege and successor of Fritz Perls, he has become a world leader in Gestalt therapy. Professor at Berkeley, he is considered a pioneer of transpersonal psychology and an integrator of the fields of psychotherapy and spirituality. During his carrer he has learned from masters such as Swami Muktananda, Idries Shah, Oscar Ichazo, Suleyman Dede, SS Karmapa XVI and Tarthang Tulku. As a result of this extensive education, he developed the SAT Program, a process of self-exploration through which thousands of people have passed. Claudio Naranjo is a member of the Club of Rome and Doctor Honoris Causa at the University of Udine (Italy). He recently created the Claudio Naranjo Foundation in Barcelona. Naranjo is a psychiatrist, educator and pioneer in integrating the use of consciousness expanding tools, including ayahuasca, into his experimental-therapeutic work.

    DANAE SAENZ

    Clinical Psychologist, Chile

    Danae Saenz is a clinical psychologist at the University of Valparaíso, Chile and Master in Clinical Psychology at the Pontificia Universidad Catolica of Chile. She is a specialist in psychotherapy oriented towards the humanist transpersonal model. She was trained in Ericksonian hypnotherapy, existential analysis and dream interpretation from a Jungian perspective. She has extensive experience with ayahuasca in a traditional amazonian context, along with ‘dietas’ with ‘master plants’ under the guidance of Amazonian shamans. As a result she has dedicated herself to offering psychotherapy for the integration of the ayahuasca experience in a clinical context of self-exploration and personal development. In 2013 she began working at the Takiwasi Center in Peru, where she is currently clinical coordinator of the addiction treatment that combines western psychotherapy with amazonian traditional medicine.

    MANUEL VILLAESCUSA

    Psychologist, Spain

    Manuel Villaescusa was born in Madrid, Spain, in 1965. He holds a degree in Clinical Psychology from Padova University (Italy) and a MSc in Humanistic Integrative Psychotherapy from Middlesex University (London, UK). Since 1998 he has been researching the use of ayahuasca, as a practice for psychospiritual growth. In 2003 he worked at Ideaa (Institute of Applied Amazonian Ethnopsychology) in Amazonas, Brasil, a center dedicated to the treatment of addictions combining an intensive practice of yoga and meditation with ayahuasca sessions. He has published his research on the therapeutic use of ayahuasca by westerners ("Efectos subjetivos de tomas de ayahuasca en contexto occidental urbano" en Cartografías de la Experiencia Enteogénica. 2006. Ed. Amargord, Madrid).

    LUIS EDUARDO LUNA

    Dr. in Comparative Religion, Brasil

    Luis Eduardo Luna has a Ph.D. from the Department of Comparative Religion Stockholm University (1989) and an honorary doctoral degree from St. Lawrence, Canton, New York (2002). He retired in 2011 from the Department of Modern Language and Communication at the Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki. He was an Assistant Professor in Anthropology (1994-1998) at the Department of Anthropology of Santa Catarina Federal University (UFSC) in Florianópolis, Brazil. Dr. Luna is the author of Vegetalismo: Shamanism among the Mestizo Population of the Peruvian Amazon (1986), a co-author with Pablo Amaringo of Ayahuasca Visions: The Religious Iconography of a Peruvian Shaman (1991), and co-author with Slawek Wojtowicz, Rick Strassman and Ede Frecska of Inner Paths to Outer Space: Journeys Through Psychedelics and Other Spiritual Technologies (2008). He is also a co-editor with Steven White of Ayahuasca Reader: Encounters with the Amazon’s Sacred Vine (2000). Dr. Luna is the Director of the Research Center for the Study of Psychointegrator Plants, Visionary Art and Consciousness, Florianópolis, Brazil.

    JOSEP MARIA FERICGLA

    Dr. in Anthropology, Spain

    Josep Mª Fericgla was born in Barcelona in 1955. BA in Geography and History and a Ph.D. in cultural anthropology from the University of Barcelona (UB ). He also attended advanced studies in Psychology, Music and Dramatic Art . Specialist in Cognitive Anthropology, Ethnomusicology, Ethnopsychology, shamanism, states of expanded consciousness and Anthropology of aging. He has conducted field studies in Turkish Kurdistan, in the Moroccan Maghreb, Catalunya and from 1991 to 2009 in the Upper Amazon of Ecuador. He has been a tenured professor at the University of Salamanca and in Barcelona. He is the founder and director of the Applied Societat d'Ethnopsychology (Sd'EA) and chairs the Josep Mª Fericgla Foundation.

    MODERATOR

    Maria Carmo Carvalho - MODERATOR

    Psychologist, Portugal

    Maria Carvalho, living in Porto, Portugal, started as a junior research assistant in projects that studied the most problematic aspects of drug use. For her Masters research and PhD studies, she developed an interest in drug use by youth populations in recreational settings. As a lecturer in the field of Psychology at the Universidad Catolica in Porto she became particularly interested in teaching her students the evolution the human act of altering conciousness has suffered, from a historically and culturally integrated practice to a “social problem” in modern societies. Maria currently serves the board of directors of the ICEERS Foundation as Vice-President and is coordinator of the harm-reduction project Kosmicare, a psychological support service at Boom Festival, Portugal.

    Ayahuasca: Ethnobotany

    The presentations of this session will explore the ethnobotanical aspects of ayahuasca preparations, their admixture plants and other related botanical species, used in the Amazon basin, as well as European plants with similar properties.

    SPEAKERS

    JONATHAN OTT

    Ethnobotanist, USA

    Jonathan Ott was born in 1949 in the U.S.. He is an organic chemist and specialist in shamanic ethnopharmacognosis. A student of the pioneering researchers in the field: Albert Hofmann (discoverer of LSD and psilocybin), Richard Evans Schultes (father shamanic ethnobotany) and R. Gordon Wasson (psilocybian modern discoverer of fungi and the importance of shamanism), he is active as a speaker in many countries and has organized some twenty seminars and conferences on enteognosia. He has published numerous scientific articles and thirteen books. He currently lives off-the-grid in Rancho Xochiatl, on 30 hectares in the cloud forest of the Sierra Madre Oriental, Mexico, where he is dedicated to cultivating and investigating visionary plants.

    Glenn Shepard

    Dr. in Ethnobotany, Brazil

    Glenn Shepard is an ethnobotanist, medical anthropologist and film maker now working at the Goeldi Museum in Brazil. He has written on topics ranging from shamanism to human ecology to indigenous modernity. He has made several films including the Emmy-Award-winning “Spirits of the Rainforest.” He is currently working on a book entitled "Sorcery and the Senses."

    JUAN GONZÁLEZ SIMONNEAU

    Psychologist, Ethnobotanist, Spain

    Juan González has a degree in psychology and a diploma in education. He is a specialist in ethnobotanicals, and is founder and president of the "Asociación Sábila" for the protection, study and development of healing plants.

    MODERATOR

    Jordi Riba - MODERATOR

    Dr. in Pharmacology, Spain

    Jordi Riba received his PhD in Pharmacology in 2003, at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), with a thesis on the human pharmacology of ayahuasca. He is Associate Professor of Pharmacology at the UAB and Associate Researcher at the Drug Research Center of the Sant Pau Hospital in Barcelona, where he has conducted a series of clinical studies with Ayahuasca, which have assessed its phamacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, including alkaloid disposition, subjective effects and electroencephalography and neuroimaging measures of acute ayahuasca administration. The results have been published in scientific journals such as Psychopharmacology, The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and The Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. He is currently the lead researcher of a study assessing the effects of long-term ayahuasca use.

    Ayahuasca: Scientific Research

    Sponsored by the Beckley Foundation

    This session features presentations by leading researchers in the field of ayahuasca who will introduce new, unpublished data from their clinical studies in Brazil and Spain.

    SPEAKERS

    PAULO CESAR RIBEIRO BARBOSA

    Dr. in Medical Sciences, Brazil

    Paulo Cesar is a professor of Science Methods and Mental Health at Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz (Brazil). He obtained his degree in Social Sciences at the Universidade de São Paulo (USP) (Brazil) in 1992. Since 2001 he has worked on a variety of projects involving psychiatric, psychological, neurocognitive, social and cultural assessments of ayahuasca users within Brazilian and North-American urban contexts.

    JORDI RIBA

    Dr. in Pharmacology, Spain

    Jordi Riba received his PhD in Pharmacology in 2003, at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), with a thesis on the human pharmacology of ayahuasca. He is Associate Professor of Pharmacology at the UAB and Associate Researcher at the Drug Research Center of the Sant Pau Hospital in Barcelona, where he has conducted a series of clinical studies with Ayahuasca, which have assessed its phamacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, including alkaloid disposition, subjective effects and electroencephalography and neuroimaging measures of acute ayahuasca administration. The results have been published in scientific journals such as Psychopharmacology, The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and The Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. He is currently the lead researcher of a study assessing the effects of long-term ayahuasca use.

    DRAULIO BARROS DE ARAUJO

    Dr. in Medical Physics, Brazil

    Draulio Barros is a professor of neuroimaging at the Brain Institute, Natal, Brazil. In recent years his research has focused on using functional neuroimaging methods (EEG and fMRI) for the investigation of the cognitive aspects and neural substrates of the ayahuasca experience.

    JOSÉ CARLOS BOUSO

    Dr. in Pharmacology, Spain

    José Carlos Bouso is a clinical psychologist and PhD in pharmacology. He has studied the long-term effects of substances such as cannabis, cocaine and ayahuasca, as well as studies of acute effects of different drugs of natural and synthetic origin. He has also done research on the therapeutic uses of MDMA (ecstasy). He is currently Director of Scientific Projects at the ICEERS Foundation where he conducts studies on long-term effects of ayahuasca, medical cannabis properties and anti-addictive potential benefits of ibogaine.

    MODERATOR

    Amanda Feilding - MODERATOR

    Director Beckley Foundation, UK

    Amanda Feilding is the director of the Beckley Foundation, UK. She studied comparative religions and mysticism at Oxford and later did extensive research into psychology, physiology, and altered states of consciousness. In 1998, she founded The Beckley Foundation to do pioneering research in the fields of human consciousness and to help bring about global drug policy reform by creating evidence- based, health-oriented policies which recognize human rights and cognitive liberty. The Foundation’s Scientific Program investigates meditation and the neurophysiology and pharmacology of psychoactive substances in order to better understand how these compunds work and to identify their potential therapeutic applications.

    CHALLENGES OF THE GLOBALIZATION I: LAW, POLICY & HUMAN RIGHTS

    While according to the International Narcotics Control Board ”No plants containing DMT, nor concoctions made with these plants are currently under international control” and most countries lack specific laws that outlaw ayahuasca, during the last few years a wave of repression has led to a significant number of arrests for the importation and use of ayahuasca around the globe. This session hosts a selection of experts in this field along with advocates who played critical roles in the defense of cases in different countries, on the basis of religious freedom as well as the fundamental right to therapeutic use of ayahuasca.

    SPECIAL GUEST SPEAKER & MODERATOR

    Ethan Nadelmann

    Director Drug Policy Alliance, USA

    Ethan Nadelmann is the founder and executive director of the Drug Policy Alliance, the leading organization in the United States promoting alternatives to the war on drugs. He received his B.A., J.D., and Ph.D. from Harvard and taught at Princeton University for seven years. He has authored two books on the internationalization of criminal law enforcement – Cops Across Borders and (with Peter Andreas) Policing The Globe – and his writings have appeared in most major media outlets in the U.S. as well as top academic journals. Ethan plays a key role as drug policy advisor to George Soros and other prominent philanthropists as well as elected officials ranging from mayors, governors and state and federal legislators in the U.S. to presidents and cabinet ministers outside the U.S. He and his colleagues have played pivotal roles in most major legislative and ballot initiative campaigns in the United States on issues ranging from medical marijuana and marijuana legalization to prison reform, harm reduction, drug treatment and reform of asset forfeiture laws.

    SPEAKERS

    ADÈLE G. VAN DER PLAS

    Juris Doctor, Netherlands

    Adéle Van der Plas has lectured in criminology and criminal law at the University of Leiden and the Willem Pompe Institute for Criminal Law in Utrecht. She obtained her doctorate in law with the study “Revolution and Criminal Justice: The Cuban Experiment” (CEDLA, 1987). She has been practicing as a criminal lawyer in Amsterdam since 1982. She defended the Dutch Santo Daime churches in two criminal procedures and handled many so-called “magic mushroom” cases. She has been published on several topics related to fundamental rights in criminal procedures and the ongoing “war on drugs.”

    RODRIGO GONZÁLEZ SOTO

    Lawyer, Chile

    Rodrigo González graduated as a lawyer from the University of Chile and currently has a practice in Santiago de Chile. Specializing in criminal and civil cases, he successfully defended the trial brought before the Fourth Court of Criminal Trial against the shaman Rumi, accused of drug trafficking in relation to his activities organizing ayahuasca ceremonies. Not only was an acquittal obtained, but the beneficial effects of ayahuasca on the participants who testified in court were recognized.

    DIEGO DE LAS CASAS

    Lawyer, Spain

    Diego de las Casas is a lawyer practicing in the city of Madrid and one of the founding members of the Spanish association called Plantaforma - For the Defense of Ayahuasca. He has lead a number of criminal court cases related to ayahuasca in Spain.

    JEFFREY BRONFMAN

    Mestre UDV, USA

    Jeffrey Bronfman was the lead plaintiff and legal strategist in the União Do Vegetal’s successful legal action to secure its right to the religious use of it’s sacrament in the United States. He also participated in the detailed negotiations with the Drug Enforcement Administration (the drug control authorities in the United States) regarding the protocols for the government licensed importation, storage and distribution for the ritual use of the tea.

    BEATRIZ CAIUBY LABATE

    Dr. in Anthropology, Brazil

    Beatriz Caiuby Labate has a Ph.D. in Social Anthropology from the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil. Her main areas of interest are the study of psychoactive substances, drug policy, shamanism, ritual, and religion. She is Visiting Professor at the Center for Research and Post Graduate Studies in Social Anthropology (CIESAS), in Guadalajara, and Adjunct Assistant Professor at the Drug Policy Program of the Center for Economic Research and Education (CIDE), in Aguascalientes, Mexico. She is also co-founder of the Nucleus for Interdisciplinary Studies of Psychoactives (NEIP), and editor of NEIP's website http://www.neip.info). She is author, co-author, and co-editor of twelve books, one special-edition journal, and several peer-reviewed articles. For more information, see: http://bialabate.net

    CHALLENGES OF THE GLOBALIZATION II: ETHICS & SAFETY

    With the expansion of an unregulated practice like ayahuasca, issues related to ethics and safety have come up on numerous occasions in the past, which has led to personal suffering, negative media attention and repressive government responses. This session will dialogue and debate about these incidents, the risks involved in ayahuasca use, how they can be minimized, ethical aspects, and so on.

    SPEAKERS

    RAFAEL GUIMARÃES DOS SANTOS

    Dr. in Pharmacology, Brazil

    For his M.Sc. in Psychology, Rafael Gimaraes investigated the acute effects of ayahuasca on psychometric measures of anxiety, panic disorder, and hopelessness in Santo Daime members. In his Ph.D. thesis in Pharmacology, directed by Dr. Jordi Riba, he compared the acute subjective and physiological effects of ayahuasca with those produced by d-amphetamine, and also investigated the pharmacology of two repeated doses of ayahuasca. Rafael is currently developing his Post-doctorate in the Department of Neurosciences and Behavior, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, studying the possible therapeutic effects of ayahuasca in patients with social anxiety disorder. He has published two papers critically analyzing the reported cases of adverse events and fatalities related to ayahuasca.

    Jerónimo Mazarrasa

    Film Maker, Researcher, Spain

    Jerónimo Mazarrasa is a documentary filmmaker, independent researcher, and interaction designer with extensive knowledge of the world of Ayahuasca. In the past decade he has produced, written and directed two documentaries about ayahuasca. The first about the Brazilian Ayahuasca churches, the second about the use of Ayahuasca in the treatment of drug addiction. He has traveled extensively through South America, researching a broad range of Ayahuasca practices, and has lectured internationally on Ayahuasca tourism and the appropriation of indigenous knowledge. He keeps a blog, curates a page of ayahuasca related news, and is currently preparing a book about his experiences. He currently serves the ICEERS Foundation as Secretary of the Board of Directors.

    DUNCAN AUTREY

    Collaboration Consultant, USA

    Duncan Autrey is a collaboration consultant with over fifteen years of international conflict resolution and facilitation experience. He approaches the idea of conflict from a belief that it is an opportunity that arises from the infinitely diverse expressions of common human needs. With this approach, he asserts that every conflict or complex conversation, large or small, is an opportunity to deepen our relationships and improve the world we all live in. He has extensive knowledge of a wide variety of strategies, tools and technologies for helping individuals and groups of all sizes have collaborative conversations that are transformative, productive and coherent. In this role, he strives to build towards a world that elicits and integrates the wisdom of all cultures and individual perspectives. 

    ELLEN PERCIVAL

    Anthropologist, UK

    Ellen Percival is research co-ordinator for the Ethnobotanical Stewardship Council (ESC), and the primary author of the ESC's new Ayahuasca Health Guide, which aims to provide an open-source, accessible and easy to use guide to ayahuasca and health, as well as clear, implementable steps towards improving safety and accountability. She holds a BSc in Anthropology from University College London, where she studied biological anthropology and the anthropology of consciousness, amongst other topics, and a Level 3 in Sustainable Horticulture. Her interests include ethnobotany, the use of innovative techniques by small scale organic horticulturalists and human-bacteria interactions. She has spoken at the Whitechapel Gallery on the urban ecology of waste food, and in her spare time she is a contributor to local community radio.

    MODERATOR

    Raquel Peyraube

    Medical Doctor, Uruguay

    Raquel Peyraube is a Medical Doctor trained in psychiatry and psychoanalytic psychotherapy, in children, adolescents, marginalized populations and in problems related to addictive substance use. Between 1988 and 1992 she was Assistent of the Toxicology Department and coordinator of its Policlinic for Problematic Drug Use. In 1991 she founded and ran for 18 years the Cavia Group, NGO offering addiction treatment and harm reduction. In the course of her career she contributed to training, prevention, treatment and harm reduction, developing innovative methodologies with a focus on ethical aspects, leading her to be recognized regionally and internationally, and was involved in projects in Geneva, Switzerland and Bahía, Brazil. She is advisor of the National Secretariat on Drugs of Uruguay in the drug policy reform, of the Vice-Minister of Public Health, and Clinical Director of ICEERS.

    CHALLENGES OF THE GLOBALIZATION III: SUSTAINABILITY

    The botanical resources of ayahuasca are being threatened because of the growing demand and ayahuasca tourism. Some initiatives for the protection of these plant species exist, but the reality shows that this issue needs more attention. This session will share the results of a scoping study implemented by the Ethnobotanical Stewardship Council about the impact of ayahuasca tourism on the sustainability of ayahuasca and insights and experiences regarding stimulating the biodiversity and cultivation of ayahuasca.

    SPEAKERS

    JOSHUA WICKERHAM

    Expert in Sustainability, USA

    Joshua Wickerham is chief advisor to the Ethnobotanical Stewardship Council, a nonprofit devoted to assuring the safety and sustainability of traditional medicinal plants and bringing benefits to communities who work with them. Joshua specializes in designing and implementing transparent and credible international governance systems that balance economic growth with social and environmental sustainability. He works with governments, corporations, and nonprofits, offering clients research and advisory services such as stakeholder engagement, sustainability strategy design, organizational governance, and related services.

    DENNIS MCKENNA

    Dr. in Ethnobotany, USA

    Dennis McKenna’s professional and personal interests are focused on the interdisciplinary study of ethnopharmacology and plant hallucinogens. He received his doctorate in 1984 from the University of British Columbia, where his doctoral research focused on ethnopharmacological investigations of the botany, chemistry, and pharmacology of ayahuasca and oo-koo-he, two orally-active tryptamine-based hallucinogens used by indigenous peoples in the Northwest Amazon.

    ROLDÁN ROJAS

    Director Fund. Amazonía Viva, Peru

    Roldan Rojas Paredes, is expert in Cooperation and Conservation of Communitarian Forests in the Peruvian Amazon. Executive Director of the Foundation Amazonía Viva, dedicated to the Conservation and Reforestation of the Amazon. He is responsible for the project REDD+ Biocorredor Martín Sagrado (Conservation of 300,000 hectares), where the communities are planting Ayahuasca in an agro-forestal model and in the Botanical Garden of Santa Rosa to guarantee its sustainability as an ancestral medicine, protect its adequate environment and the biodiversity of the Amazon. He was the first President of the National Advisory Committee for the management of protected national areas in Peru and has experience in the conservation of the World, Natural and Cultural Heritage UNESCO National Park of Rio Abiseo (PNRA).

    MODERATOR

    Rick Doblin

    Dr. in Public Policy, USA

    Rick Doblin, Ph.D., is the founder and executive director of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS). He received his doctorate in Public Policy from Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, where he wrote his dissertation on the regulation of the medical uses of psychedelics and marijuana and his Master's thesis on a survey of oncologists about smoked marijuana vs. the oral THC pill in nausea control for cancer patients. His undergraduate thesis at New College of Florida was a 25-year follow-up to the classic Good Friday Experiment, which evaluated the potential of psychedelic drugs to catalyze religious experiences. He also conducted a thirty-four year follow-up study to Timothy Leary’s Concord Prison Experiment. Rick studied with Dr. Stanislav Grof and was among the first to be certified as a Holotropic Breathwork practitioner. His professional goal is to help develop legal contexts for the beneficial uses of psychedelics and marijuana, primarily as prescription medicines but also for personal growth for otherwise healthy people, and eventually to become a legally licensed psychedelic therapist. He founded MAPS in 1986, and currently resides in Boston with his wife and one of three children, two off to college.

    PERSPECTIVE OF GENDER: ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE WORLD OF AYAHUASCA

    Historically, both in practices and discourses related to ayahuasca, women have been relegated to second place. Sexism, discrimination or prejudice are increasingly common elements in a field in which usually tolerance equality and spiritual growth is promoted, while traditional stereotypes about gender roles are so prominent. Often, when incorporating arguments related to the perspective of gender in analyzing this field, the relationship between the sexes and the inherent inequalities become visible. Incorporating the perspective of gender is more than just giving visibility to the role of women; it facilitates a transformative process of shedding light on discrimination and working towards inclusivity. In this session, different experts will share insights from their research, experiences and personal trajectories on this subject matter.

    SPEAKERS

    CARMEN VICENTE

    Medicine Woman, Ecuador

    Carmen Vicente is a medicine woman of the border between Ecuador and Peru, carries the sacred art of the Altars and Guardian of the Sacred Fire of Itzachilatlan. She has been advocating for the autonomy of traditional practices and teachings of the Andes for 50 years. She has worked with people in the Amazon, street dwellers and the prison population of Quito, Ecuador. Her current work is focused on women, youth in urban areas and research on the role and gender relations, with activity in several countries such as Chile, Argentina, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Colombia, United States, Spain, Portugal, Canada, Germany, Israel, Netherlands and England.

    DANIELA PELUSO

    Dr. in Social Anthropology, UK

    Daniela Peluso is a socio-cultural anthropologist who has worked over the last two decades in Lowland South America, mostly with communities in Peru and Bolivia. She has been actively involved in various local efforts on issues relating to health, gender, indigenous urbanization and land-rights and works in close collaboration with indigenous and local organizations. Her publications focus mostly on indigenous ontologies, urbanization, violence and relatedness. She received her PhD in 2003 from Columbia University and is a Senior Lecturer in Social Anthropology at the University of Kent.

    ALINE MAST

    Santo Daime Amsterdam, Holland

    Aline Mast was born on the 21 of june 1956 in Enschede, Holland. At the age of 23 she became interested in asian culture and travelled by herself to India where she ended up in Poona and became a sannyasini (renunciant) with Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, later known as Osho. For 6 years, she was very involved with Osho’s meditations and community’s in Holland, India and also in the USA. In 1993 she got in touch with the Santo Daime community in Mapia, Brazil and around this time she met Geraldine Fijneman with whom she started Santo Daime in The Netherlands. She is part of the Ceu da Santa Maria, a Santo Daime church with exclusively female members.

    CLANCY CAVNAR

    Dr. in Clinical Psychology, USA

    Clancy Cavnar is currently completing her postdoctoral hours in clinical psychology at the Marin Treatment Center, a methadone clinic in San Rafael, California. In 2011, she received a doctorate in clinical psychology (PsyD) from John F. Kennedy University in Pleasant Hill, California, with a dissertation on gay and lesbian people's experiences with ayahuasca. She attended New College of the University of South Florida and completed an undergraduate degree in liberal arts in 1982. She attended the San Francisco Art Institute and graduated with a Master of Fine Art in painting in 1985. In 1993, she received a certificate in substance abuse counseling from the extension program of the University of California at Berkeley and, in 1997, she graduated with a master's in counseling from San Francisco State University. In that same year, she got in touch with the Santo Daime in the USA, and has traveled several times to Brazil since then. She is Research Associate of the Nucleus for Interdisciplinary Studies of Psychoactives (NEIP), and co-editor, with Beatriz Caiuby Labate, of three books: The Therapeutic Use of Ayahuasca (Springer, 2014); Prohibition, Religious Freedom, and Human Rights: Regulating Traditional Drug Use (Springer, 2014) and Ayahuasca Shamanism in the Amazon and Beyond (Oxford University Press, 2014).

    MODERATOR

    BEATRIZ CAIUBY LABATE - MODERATOR

    Dr. in Anthropology, Brazil

    Beatriz Caiuby Labate has a Ph.D. in Social Anthropology from the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil. Her main areas of interest are the study of psychoactive substances, drug policy, shamanism, ritual, and religion. She is Visiting Professor at the Center for Research and Post Graduate Studies in Social Anthropology (CIESAS), in Guadalajara, and Adjunct Assistant Professor at the Drug Policy Program of the Center for Economic Research and Education (CIDE), in Aguascalientes, Mexico. She is also co-founder of the Nucleus for Interdisciplinary Studies of Psychoactives (NEIP), and editor of NEIP's website http://www.neip.info). She is author, co-author, and co-editor of twelve books, one special-edition journal, and several peer-reviewed articles. For more information, see: http://bialabate.net

    AYAHUASCA: PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF THE EXPERIENCE

    The ayahuasca experience can have profound implications for those who undertake it for personal growth, therapeutic processes, self-exploration, mystical states, and so on. Without a doubt, one important aspect is the transformation of the relationship between the individual and the nature of reality. This has deep philosophical significants, and this panel will explore this field.

    SPEAKERS

    ANTONIO ESCOHOTADO

    Philosopher, Spain

    Antonio Escohotado Espinosa (Madrid, 1941) is a prominent essayist and university professor whose work has been mainly directed to the fields of law, philosophy and sociology, and has achieved recognition for his research on drugs. He is named among the 70 greatest thinkers gathered in the 'Dictionary of Thinkers of the Twentieth Century'. Apart from the many fields of knowledge he has explored, he is known outside of the academic world for promoting drug policy reform. He has written several works about this topic, such as his book The General History of drugs (1983). Escohotado became familiar with ayahuasca ingestion on alternating days during a week, on a tributary of the Amazon. He describes the experience in his book "Sixty weeks in the tropics".

    Jonathan Ott

    Ethnobotanist, USA

    Jonathan Ott was born in 1949 in the U.S.. He is an organic chemist and specialist in shamanic ethnopharmacognosis. A student of the pioneering researchers in the field: Albert Hofmann (discoverer of LSD and psilocybin), Richard Evans Schultes (father shamanic ethnobotany) and R. Gordon Wasson (psilocybian modern discoverer of fungi and the importance of shamanism), he is active as a speaker in many countries and has organized some twenty seminars and conferences on enteognosia. He has published numerous scientific articles and thirteen books. He currently lives off-the-grid in Rancho Xochiatl, on 30 hectares in the cloud forest of the Sierra Madre Oriental, Mexico, where he is dedicated to cultivating and investigating visionary plants.

    Fernando Sánchez-Dragó

    Writer, Spain

    Fernando Sánchez has a degree in Romanic Philology and Modern Languages, and is Doctor in Letters at the University of Madrid. He has conducted, presented, written and collaborated on numerous television and radio programs, national and foreign newspapers and different media. He has been given numerous awards for his work. His focus of work includes spirituality, the development of consciousness, philosophy, religion and literature. As a result of his opposition activities against the Franco dictatorship, he spent 16 months in prison and remained in exile for seven years. He wrote the prologue for the book 'Ayahuasca' of Alex Polari (1994).

    MODERATOR

    José Carlos Bouso - MODERATOR

    Dr. in Pharmacology, Spain

    José Carlos Bouso is Clinical Psychologist and PhD in Pharmacology. He has studied the long-term effects of substances such as cannabis, cocaine and ayahuasca, as well as studies of acute effects of different drugs of natural and synthetic origin. He has also done research on the therapeutic uses of MDMA (ecstasy). He is currently Director of Scientific Projects at the ICEERS Foundation where conducts studies on long term effects of ayahuasca, the therapeutic effects of cannabis and the anti-addictive potential of ibogaine.